When you understand the basics of interior design, you can change any area into something spectacular. A well-designed environment sparks joy and happiness. You can tell that everything is put together and harmonious. If you have graduated from a design institute, you should rightly execute the essential aspects and principles to produce visually acceptable design concepts. When adopting the design components, keep the following elements in mind:
- Balance: This generates a sense of equilibrium. The goal is to equalise or approximate the apparent weight of items. Balance is achieved not just via geometry but also through colour, pattern, and texture. Every design college in India classifies balance into three types:
- Traditional: It requires symmetrical balance, evenly dividing the area into two sides. Two seats on either side of a coffee table might be considered symmetrically balanced. Since design features are repeated on both sides, this equilibrium may become repetitive and dull.
- Asymmetrical or informal: The visual weights of lines, colours, shapes, and textures are balanced but not duplicated. It is more intricate and intriguing than symmetrical equilibrium since it is not as ordered. A sofa, for example, can be offset by placing two seats on the opposite side.
- Radial: It gets accomplished when a core focus point is present with additional components radiating from or surrounding it. A circular dining table with chairs positioned around it is an example. There is a lot of shape, texture, and colour repetition.
- Rhythm: Like music, rhythm builds patterns of repetition and contrast to create visual appeal. After completing a foundation design course, you should know how to accomplish rhythm by repeating the same colour or form at varying intervals. For example, you may make a rhythm by utilising a shade in the cushions, repeating it in a picture, and repeating it in a rug. This assists in moving your gaze throughout the room.
- Harmony: When all pieces work together to generate a coherent message, harmony establishes. It produces a sense of calm in the same way rhythm does. For example, even though your shapes vary widely in shape, size, and texture, you may establish harmony by utilising only one hue.
- Emphasis: An environment where everything is given equal weight may appear disorganised or dull. You require an anchor or primary focus in interior architecture. Architectural rooms sometimes have focal points such as a fireplace or a window with a beautiful view. You may create a centre of interest by placing furniture around it.
- Scale and proportion: Proportion is the ratio of one part’s size to another, while the scale is how one object’s size relates to another or the area in which it gets located. For example, a huge, overstuffed sofa will look out of place in a tiny space.
Interior design is a complex field. Using the foundations discussed, you may develop a checklist to verify all required features in your personal space. Whether your designs are simple or abundant, ensure that form follows function and that everything is positioned correctly, balanced, and holds purpose.