Treatments and procedures aimed at achieving pregnancy are referred to as ART which stands for Assisted Reproductive Technology. These complicated procedures may be a possibility for patients who have tried a variety of infertility treatments and still haven’t gotten pregnant. Those considering ART should talk to their doctor about their options, and they may need to see an IVF doctor.
There are a lot of myths and misconceptions about assisted reproductive technology (ART). If you’re still looking for answers, keep reading as Dr Mohit Saraogi who is one of the best IVF doctors in Mumbai will dispel common assisted reproductive technology myths and bring out the facts.
Myth: Multiple pregnancy
Truth: Fertility therapy does raise the risk of multiple pregnancies. Most twins, on the other hand, are the product of spontaneous conceptions – couples who conceive on their own! Triplets and quadruplets are a different tale; around 15% of triplet and 7% of quadruplet pregnancies are spontaneous.
The medicine used to cause or stimulate ovulation increases the risk of multiple pregnancies during fertility treatment. Twins make up about 5-8 percent of pregnancies conceived with clomiphene citrate, an oral fertility medication which is commonly used by IVF doctors in Mumbai, says Dr Saraogi. Triplets or more are quite uncommon in IVF. Gonadotropins, which are injectable fertility medicines, result in twins in about 15% of cycles and more than twins in about 3% of cycles when they are used. Twins are more likely to be born to younger mothers than to those who are a little older. In India, for example, about one-third of women under the age of 35 who undergo IVF will have twins, compared to less than 10% of women over the age of 42. Because most women under 35 will only have one or two embryos transferred, the probability of triplets is modest across all age groups.
Despite the fact that fertility treatment enhances the likelihood of a multiple pregnancy, the vast majority of individuals and couples will only have one child!
Myth: These are the only alternatives available to infertile couples.
Truth: Couples dealing with infertility have a variety of options. Treatment plans are unique to each couple and are based on criteria such as age, the length of time a couple has been attempting to conceive, and the findings of testing. For example, a woman’s thyroid gland may be malfunctioning, preventing her from ovulating; treatment with thyroid hormone might restore ovulation, allowing for pregnancy. If a man’s sperm examination reveals that his motility is low, IUI, with or without medication, may be the best treatment choice. If a woman doesn’t ovulate, medication to induce ovulation is the best course of action; artificial insemination may not be required at all. IVF is likely to be the most effective treatment for women who have obstructed tubes, while surgery may still be an option. In a woman approaching 40 or a couple that has been trying to conceive for several years, the treatment strategy may be more aggressive. These are only a few of the therapeutic options accessible. Individualized treatment regimens are available; there are various options, and there should not be a “one-size-fits-all” approach.
Myth: Babies born with assisted reproductive technology (ART) have an increased risk of birth abnormalities, low birth weight, and developmental delays.
Truth: While we hope that all kids are born healthy, this is unfortunately not the case. Children born to healthy couples who have never struggled with infertility have a 3–5% chance of having birth abnormalities and a 1–2% chance of having developmental delays. Natural pregnancies in women facing infertility may have a slightly greater risk of pregnancy problems.
IUI in Mumbai does not appear to raise the risk of congenital abnormalities or developmental delays when done without stimulation drugs. Ovarian stimulation increases pregnancy-related difficulties, albeit this is mostly due to the hazards associated with multiple pregnancies. Says Dr Saraogi.
IVF-created babies are often smaller than those conceived naturally, although they are still within the normal range. The majority of studies have revealed no link between IVF and an increased incidence of birth abnormalities in newborns. Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), which is commonly employed when sperm quantity and/or quality are low, has been linked to a small increase in chromosomal abnormalities and birth problems.
Fortunately, the risk of complications including birth abnormalities, low birth weight, and developmental delays in babies born through ART is quite low in Mumbai. The vast majority of children born as a result of reproductive treatment in Mumbai are perfectly healthy!